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Built in the 9th century, the Buddhist temple Borobudur on the island of Java, Indonesia, is one of the world's greatest monuments. It is also an art complex, the walls of the giant stepped pyramid being adorned with over two kilometers of detailed stone relief carvings. Between 1927 and 1930, Thomas van Erp and N.J. Krom published magnificent black and white photographs of the narrative reliefs, high-resolution digitized images of which can be seen in the online VRML model of Project Jigsaw.

Aerial photo of the great Buddhist temple Borobudur on the island of Java, Indonesia.

Supervised by ANU Professor of Art History Michael Greenhalgh, VIZLAB's Ajay Limaye has created a VRML model of Borobudur that includes the Krom and van Erp images. The photos, applied as texture maps in their correct location within the temple complex, are available at various resolutions to suit the network speeds of different users.

Screenshot from the VRML model running in a standard web browser.
Screenshot showing navigational map. Note the quality of the relief carvings and the fact that each texture map is different from the others - just as at the real Borobudur.

Ajay has also written a pSpace-based VRML viewer allowing local researchers to explore Borobudur within the VIZLAB's virtual environment.