Cosina and Vivitar

Cosina SLR 1970?-??

Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: 1-1/1000,B (vertical metal mechanical)
Flash: Standard X and F synch at 1/125
Metering: stoped-down TTL metering
Finder: Microprism spot and ground glass collar in Fresnel screen
Battery: PX675

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer
Has a mirror lock up when the self timer is used.

This black (chrome model exist but appears to be less common) camera is very common in Australia (or at least in Canberra). I have one and like it. The only problem is that sometimes the shutter speed dial, which is in front, may be accidentally moved by a finger. But that seems to happen less and less frequently now.
I like 1/125 flash synch that is not that common in screw mount cameras.
Meter is switched on by a sliding exposure meter switch as on Spotmatics, but it needs to be moved down, not up as on Spotmatics.

Cosina Hi-Lite ??-??

Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: 1-1/1000,B (vertical metal mechanical)
Flash: Standard X and F synch at 1/125, hot shoe
Metering: stoped-down TTL metering
Finder: Microprism spot and ground glass collar in Fresnel screen
Battery: PX675

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer
Has a mirror lock up when the self timer is used.

Cosina Hi-Lite EC 1973-??

(Also Argus/Cosina EC 2000 ?) Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: vertical metal electrical 4-1/2000, B (1-1/2000 can be set manually)
Flash: X-synch hot shoe, standard X and F synch at 1/125
Metering: stoped-down TTL metering and aperture priority automatic exposure
Finder: microprism spot and ground glass collar in Fresnel screen. Shutter speed visiable
Battery: KS28, 6v

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer
Has a mirror lock up when self timer is used.

Pressing the shutter cause the diaphragm of the lens to close and turned the meter on. Shutter speeds are shown in the viewfinder using needle. Diaphragm may be reopened using the button near the lens mount.

Cosina Hi-Lite ECL 197?-??

Very similar to the Cosina Hi-Lite EC.
The only difference I can see is that there is battery check light on the top of the camera. (In EC model - pressing the battery check button caused needle in the viewfinder to go to middle position).

Cosina Hi-Lite EC II, 1975-??

(Also Vivitar 650/SLX in USA)
Same as Cosina Hi-Lite but included spot-metering and AE lock.

Cosina Hi-Lite 405 197?-??

(Also Porst C-TL Super)
(informaton by courtesy of Marco Pasquini)
Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: vertical metal 1-1/1000, B
Flash: X-synch hot shoe, standard X and F synch at 1/125
Metering: stoped-down TTL metering
Finder: ? microprism spot and ground glass collar in Fresnel screen.
Battery: ?

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer

Vivitar 400/SL 197?-??

(informaton by courtesy of Steve Baker)
Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: vertical metal mechnaical 1-1/1000, B
Flash: X-synch hot shoe, standard X and F synch at 1/125
Metering: TTL
Finder: ?
Battery: ?

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer

Vivitar 450/SLD 1975-??

Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: vertical metal mechnaical 1-1/1000, B
Flash: X-synch hot shoe, standard X and F synch at 1/125
Metering: stoped-down TTL or spot metering (similar to Cosina Hi-Lites).
Finder: microprism spot and ground glass collar in Fresnel screen.
Battery: MS76,SR44 (Thank you Harris Austin!)

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer
Has a mirror lock up when self timer is used(?).

Vivitar 420/SLD, 1975-??


Same as Vivitar 450/SLD but without spot-meter.

Cosina CSR 1976-??

Match-LED Camera with an optional aperture-prefered automatic exposure accessory unit (servo-motor).
Shutter: cloth electronic, 4s-1/1000, B.
Flash: X-synch hot shoe, standard X and F synch at 1/60
Metering: stoped-down TTL or spot metering
Finder: split-image rangefinder and ground glass collar.

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer

Cosina CSM 1976?-??

(informaton by courtesy of Shen)
?Match-LED Camera with an optional aperture-prefered automatic exposure accessory unit (servo-motor).
Shutter: cloth electronic, 1-1/1000, B.
Flash: X-synch hot shoe, standard X and F synch at 1/60
Metering: stoped-down TTL (spot metering?)
Finder: split-image rangefinder and ground glass collar.

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer

Cosina CSL 197?-??

Very similar to the CSM model

Vivitar 250/SL, 1976-??

(informaton by courtesy of Robert T)

Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: 1-1/1000,B (vertical metal mechanical)
Flash: Standard X and F synch and hot shoe, flash synch at 1/125
Metering: stoped-down TTL metering
Battery: PX675 (MRB675) (Thank you, Lar Kaufman!)

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer
Has a mirror lock up when the self timer is used.

I believe the Vivitar 250/SL was introduced toward the end of the screw mount period because it has a vertical-running metal shutter which gives it flash sync of 1/125. Despite many of its relative modern functions (comparing with other screw-mount cameras), it's rather cheap due to its off-brand status. It is a good camera to kick around and take to hike or river rafting. Don't know about its long-term reliability, but who cares.

Vivitar 220/SL, 1976-??

Same as Vivitar 250/SL but without battery check and shutter lock.

Vivitar XC-2, 1976?-??

(informaton by courtesy of T3)

Fixed pentaprism
Shutter: 4-1/1000,B (cloth, electronic?)
Flash: Standard X and F synch and hot shoe, flash synch at 1/60
Metering: stoped-down TTL metering or spot mettering
Battery: 2xSR44 or 2xA76

Auto diaphragm
Instant return mirror
Self-timer
Can provide auto-aperture mettering with XC-A adapter

The Vivitar XC-2 has average and spot metering which should be the same as Cosina CSR. It also has multi-exposure lever under film forwarding lever. There is + sign right under the center split when you look through viewfinder which I belive it indicates the spot metering range, even I don't have the manual to read. There are 3 sensors in the mirror to read light directly and the middle one is smaller than the other two which is the spot meter sensor. The camera is the smallest in size I have had, and I think it should be the top among XC product line. The electronic shutter is accurate and shutter is quiter because of cloth. I got this camera from ebay with the XC-A adapter which will allow you to change to camera into apreture priority exposure one when you mounted on. The adapter also can be used in all the XC cameras. The Vivitar VMC 50mmf1.7 lens come with the camera is really a gem. It is the smallest 50mmf1.7 I have ever seen and the VMC coating is great, looks more beautiful than my SMC takumar lenes. I tried 2 rolls of film through the camera and the photos come out great. I nerver believe that this low priced camera can give such great result. I will keep it.

Vivitar XC-3, 1977-??

Same as Cosina CSR but without spot metering.

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